Dyslexia Developmental Disorder This learning and developmental disorder is defined by the individual’s inability to read with fluency and comprehend what is being read. Essentially, the disorder is classified as a cognitive disorder related to reading and speech. The added problem of not being able to recognize speech patterns, and correctly spell words leaves the sufferer in states of confusion and often a delayed social interaction with others. Symptoms Patients diagnosed with Dyslexia may initially demonstrate delays in speech acquisition and delivery mirror writing difficulty distinguishing between left and right easily distracted by noises difficulty identifying rhyming words counting syllables difficulty dividing words into sounds, or blending sounds together to make words slow word retrieval poor spelling tendency to omit letters or words when writing and reading Here is a look into what a person with dyslexia may experience in a typical situation. They might see some letters backwards or upside down. They might see text jumping around on the page. They might not be able to tell the difference between letters of similar shape. Letters might look all jumbled up or out of order. Letters could look all bunched up together. Letters might look correct, but headaches or nausea may appear. Letters may be understood, but sounds cannot be produced. Letters might connect to sounds, but letters will not be recognized although they have been seen and pronounced many times before. Words may be comprehended and even pronounced, but no comprehension of the reading matter happens resulting in the constant rereading of a paragraph. Cause The causes of dyslexia are not definitely defined. It is theorized from the use of magnetic resonance imaging that individuals with dyslexia may have less electrical activation in the parts of the brain responsible for reading comprehension. The role of genetics is being researched and appears to indicate that individuals with dyslexia may have microscopic cortical malformations that started during prenatal stages of life. Treatment A major method of treatment includes psychotherapy for the reduction of stress and anxiety related to this disorder. Compensation strategies are explored and the emotional suffering due to social marginalization and stigma are addressed. Alphabet writing systems are used with very young sufferers of dyslexia to improve awareness of sounds and the meaning of symbols in writing.
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